when did homework start
Homework has been a staple in education for as long as we can remember. It is a common practice for students to bring home assignments to complete after school. But when exactly did this tradition start? In this article, we will explore the origins of homework and how it has evolved over time.
The concept of homework can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In these societies, children were expected to help with household chores and agricultural work after school. This was seen as a way to teach responsibility and prepare them for adulthood.
However, the modern concept of homework did not emerge until the 19th century. It was during this time that education reformers began to advocate for more structured and standardized methods of teaching. They believed that homework was essential in reinforcing classroom learning and developing discipline and time management skills.
One of the earliest recorded instances of homework being assigned in the modern sense was in 1901 in the United States. A teacher named Roberto Nevilis from Venice, Italy, started giving his students assignments to complete at home as a form of punishment for misbehaving. This practice was picked up by other teachers, and homework became a common disciplinary tool.
But it wasn’t until the early 20th century that homework was widely accepted and incorporated into the education system. This was largely due to the efforts of educational reformer John Dewey, who believed that homework should be used to encourage critical thinking and independent learning.
In the 1920s, homework became even more prevalent with the rise of progressive education, which emphasized hands-on learning and individualized instruction. This approach placed a heavy emphasis on homework, with students being given tasks and projects to complete at home to supplement their classroom learning.
The 1930s saw the Great Depression, and with it, a shift in the purpose of homework. As families struggled to make ends meet, children were often pulled out of school to work and support their families. Homework was seen as a way to keep students engaged in academic pursuits and prevent them from falling behind.
During World War II, homework took on a patriotic role. Teachers assigned homework that focused on topics related to the war, such as rationing and victory gardens. It was also seen as a way to keep students occupied while their parents were away at war.
In the 1950s and 1960s, homework continued to be a significant part of the education system, but it faced criticism from some educators and parents who believed it was causing unnecessary stress and taking away from family time. In response, the National Education Association released a statement in 1957 recommending that homework be limited to 10 minutes per grade level, meaning first-graders should have 10 minutes of homework, second-graders 20 minutes, and so on.
The 1970s and 1980s saw a decline in homework due to the rise of progressive education once again. This movement focused on child-centered learning and believed that homework was not beneficial for young children. However, in the late 1980s, the education reform movement brought back a more traditional approach to learning, and homework once again became a common practice.
The 1990s and 2000s saw a rise in standardized testing, which placed even more pressure on students to excel academically. As a result, homework assignments became more extensive and more frequent. This led to concerns about the amount of stress and anxiety students were facing, and the debate over the effectiveness of homework continued.
In recent years, the use of technology in education has also had an impact on homework. With the rise of online learning and virtual classrooms, students can now access assignments and complete them at any time and from anywhere. This has made homework more convenient, but it has also blurred the lines between school and home life.
Today, homework continues to be a hotly debated topic. Proponents argue that it reinforces classroom learning, teaches time management and responsibility, and prepares students for college and the workforce. On the other hand, critics argue that it causes unnecessary stress and takes away from family time and extracurricular activities.
In response to these concerns, some schools and districts have implemented no-homework policies, while others have limited the amount of homework assigned. However, the majority of schools still rely on homework as a way to supplement classroom learning and assess student understanding.
In conclusion, the concept of homework has evolved significantly over the years. From its early roots as a form of punishment to its current role as a way to reinforce learning, homework has been a part of education for centuries. As the education system continues to evolve, it is likely that the debate over homework will also continue, with educators and parents striving to find a balance that benefits students without causing unnecessary stress.
twitch privacy settings
Twitch is a popular live streaming platform that has taken the world of online entertainment by storm. With millions of active users and a wide range of content, Twitch has become a hub for gamers, content creators, and viewers alike. However, with the rise in popularity, the issue of privacy has also come to the forefront. In this article, we will be discussing Twitch’s privacy settings and how users can ensure their privacy while using the platform.
Before we dive into the privacy settings, let’s first understand what privacy means in the context of Twitch. Privacy on Twitch refers to the control that users have over their personal information and how it is shared with others on the platform. This includes personal details such as name, email address, and date of birth, as well as information about their streaming activities and interactions with other users.
As with any online platform, it is important to understand and utilize the privacy settings available to users on Twitch. These settings can help users protect their personal information and ensure that their online presence is as private as they want it to be. Let’s take a closer look at some of the privacy settings that Twitch offers.
1. Account Privacy Settings:
The first step to protecting your privacy on Twitch is by managing your account privacy settings. To access these settings, click on your profile icon in the top right corner of the Twitch homepage and select “Settings” from the drop-down menu. Under the “Security and Privacy” tab, you will find options to manage your account privacy.
Here, you can choose who can see your email address, date of birth, and whether you want your profile to be discoverable through search engines. You can also set your account to “Private” mode, which will hide your profile from non-registered users.
2. Stream Privacy Settings:
For streamers, there are additional privacy settings that can be adjusted to control who can see their streams. Under the “Channel and Videos” tab in the Settings menu, streamers can choose to enable or disable the “Archive Broadcasts” feature. When enabled, this will automatically save past broadcasts for up to 14 days. Streamers can also choose to make their past broadcasts available for viewing by everyone, just their followers, or only themselves.
3. Chat Privacy Settings:
Another important aspect of privacy on Twitch is chat privacy. The platform offers a variety of options to manage how users can interact with you in chat. Under the “Privacy” tab in the Settings menu, you can choose to block messages and whispers from users who are not on your friends list. You can also set up a list of banned words and phrases to filter out any offensive or inappropriate messages in your chat.
Additionally, Twitch also allows you to block specific users from interacting with you in chat. This can be done by clicking on their username, selecting “Block” from the dropdown menu, and confirming the action. This is a useful feature to have if you are facing any harassment or unwanted attention from a particular user.
4. Third-Party Integrations:
One of the unique features of Twitch is its ability to integrate with other platforms and services such as Discord, Twitter, and YouTube. However, this can also pose a risk to your privacy if not managed properly. Under the “Connections” tab in the Settings menu, you can manage which third-party services are linked to your Twitch account. You can also revoke access to any services that you no longer wish to be connected to.
To further enhance the security of your Twitch account, the platform offers two-factor authentication (2FA). This requires users to enter a unique code sent to their phone or email in addition to their password when logging in. Enabling 2FA can prevent unauthorized access to your account, thus protecting your privacy and personal information.
6. Viewer Privacy:
As a viewer on Twitch, you also have control over your privacy settings. Under the “Security and Privacy” tab in the Settings menu, you can choose to hide your viewing history from other users. You can also manage who can see your followers and following lists. This is particularly useful if you want to keep your viewing habits private.
7. Streaming with a Webcam:
Many streamers choose to use a webcam to enhance their streams and engage with their audience. However, this can also pose a risk to their privacy if not managed properly. Twitch allows streamers to control who can see their webcam feed in real-time. This can be done by clicking on the webcam icon in the bottom left corner of the stream and selecting the appropriate option from the dropdown menu.
8. Age Restriction:
Twitch requires its users to be at least 13 years of age to create an account. However, streamers can choose to place an age restriction on their channel if they believe their content is not suitable for younger viewers. This can be done by going to the “Channel” tab in the Settings menu and selecting the appropriate age restriction from the dropdown menu.
9. Private Messages:
Twitch also offers a feature called “Whispers,” which allows users to send private messages to each other. However, this can also be a source of unwanted messages or spam. Under the “Connections” tab in the Settings menu, you can choose to disable whispers from users who are not on your friends list.
10. Reporting Inappropriate Content:
In addition to the privacy settings, Twitch also has a reporting system in place to handle any inappropriate or harassing content on the platform. If you come across any content that violates Twitch’s terms of service, you can report it by clicking on the three dots next to the video or stream and selecting “Report.” This will bring up a form where you can provide details about the issue and submit it for review.
In conclusion, Twitch offers a variety of privacy settings and features to help users protect their personal information and maintain their privacy on the platform. It is important for users to understand and utilize these settings to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience on Twitch. By taking the necessary precautions and managing their privacy settings, users can continue to enjoy all that Twitch has to offer without compromising their privacy.
how to turn off screen time without the passcode
Screen time has become a common concern for many individuals, especially parents, as technology has become an integral part of our daily lives. With the rise of smartphones, tablets, and other devices, it has become increasingly challenging to manage the amount of time we spend on screens. This is where the Screen Time feature on iPhones and iPads comes into play. It allows users to track and limit the time they spend on their devices, making it a valuable tool for managing screen time. However, what happens when you forget your passcode or need to turn off Screen Time for some reason? In this article, we will discuss how to turn off Screen Time without the passcode and explore some tips for managing screen time effectively.
What is Screen Time?
Screen Time is a feature introduced by Apple in iOS 12 that allows users to monitor and control the amount of time spent on their devices. It enables users to set limits for specific app categories or individual apps, track their usage, and receive weekly reports on their screen time habits. This feature was primarily designed to help individuals, especially parents, manage their screen time and prevent excessive use of devices. However, it has also proven to be useful for those who struggle with phone addiction or want to be more mindful of their technology usage.
How to Turn Off Screen Time Without the Passcode?
If you have forgotten your Screen Time passcode or need to turn it off for some reason, there are a few ways to do so. However, it’s important to note that these methods will also delete all your Screen Time data, including your app usage and limits. Here are the steps to turn off Screen Time without the passcode:
1. Use the Apple ID passcode
If you have enabled the Screen Time feature on multiple devices, you can use the Apple ID passcode to turn it off. Here’s how:
Step 1: Go to Settings and tap on Screen Time.
Step 2: Tap on Change Screen Time Passcode.
Step 3: Enter your Apple ID passcode when prompted.
Step 4: Tap on Turn Off Screen Time.
Step 5: Enter your Apple ID password to confirm.
2. Reset your device
Another way to turn off Screen Time without the passcode is to reset your device. This will delete all the data on your phone, including the Screen Time passcode. Here’s how to do it:
Step 1: Go to Settings and tap on General.
Step 2: Scroll down and tap on Reset.
Step 3: Tap on Erase All Content and Settings.
Step 4: Enter your passcode when prompted.
Step 5: Tap on Erase iPhone/iPad.
Step 6: Enter your Apple ID password to confirm.
3. Restore your device from backup
If you have a recent backup of your device, you can restore it to remove the Screen Time passcode. Here’s how:
Step 1: Connect your device to your computer and open iTunes.
Step 2: Click on the device icon when it appears in iTunes.
Step 3: Click on Summary in the left sidebar.
Step 4: Click on Restore Backup and select the most recent backup.
Step 5: Click on Restore and wait for the process to complete.
Step 6: Once the process is complete, you can set up your device as new, and the Screen Time passcode will be removed.
Tips for Managing Screen Time Effectively
While Screen Time can be a useful tool for managing screen time, it’s essential to develop healthy habits and use it in moderation. Here are some tips for managing screen time effectively:
1. Set limits and stick to them
One of the primary purposes of Screen Time is to set limits for yourself or your children. It’s essential to set realistic limits and stick to them to see the desired results. If you find yourself constantly exceeding the set limit, it may be time to reevaluate the limit and adjust it accordingly.
2. Use Downtime to your advantage
Downtime is a Screen Time feature that allows you to schedule a specific time when only essential apps are accessible. This can be helpful for individuals who struggle with phone addiction or find themselves scrolling through social media or playing games late at night. Setting a Downtime schedule can help you disconnect from your device and get a good night’s sleep.
3. Use App Limits
App Limits allow you to set a specific time limit for different app categories or individual apps. This feature can be useful for those who have specific apps they want to limit, such as social media or games. It’s also a great way to manage your child’s app usage and prevent excessive screen time.
4. Use Communication Limits for children
For parents, Communication Limits is a crucial feature of Screen Time. It allows you to restrict who your child can communicate with during specific times. This can be helpful to prevent your child from receiving calls or messages from strangers or during school hours.
5. Take breaks from screens
It’s essential to take breaks from screens throughout the day, whether you’re working or using your device for leisure. The 20-20-20 rule is a good practice to follow – every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds. This can help reduce eye strain and prevent fatigue.
6. Engage in other activities
With screens dominating our lives, it’s easy to forget to engage in other activities. Make an effort to engage in physical activities, spend time with friends and family, or pursue hobbies that don’t involve screens. This can help you find a balance and reduce your dependence on technology.
7. Be a role model
For parents, it’s essential to be a good role model when it comes to screen time. Children are more likely to follow your habits, so make sure you’re setting a good example by limiting your screen time and engaging in other activities.
Technology has undoubtedly made our lives more convenient, but it’s crucial to remember that moderation is key. Screen Time is a great tool for managing screen time, but it’s essential to use it in a healthy and responsible manner. If you ever need to turn off Screen Time without the passcode, you can do so using the methods mentioned above. However, remember to set realistic limits and make an effort to engage in other activities to find a balance in your screen time habits.